• Curb Markings

  • Policy

    Objective: It is the objective of this policy to install curb markings to meet the needs of the community while following the standards of practice for installation of curb markings. Additionally, this policy establishes the standards and procedures by which curb marking requests are reviewed and implemented.

    Need: This policy and procedure document is necessary to outline the steps taken and issues involved when reviewing curb marking requests. The Transportation Division is responsible for maintaining all infrastructures in the public right-of-way. This includes streets, gutters, and curbs. As such, the Transportation Division installs and maintains all curb markings in the Town. This includes evaluating when and where curb markings are installed and ensuring that all curb markings are installed in accordance with accepted engineering standards. Residents and business owners are not permitted to install curb markings in the right-of-way in any area of the Town. Illegal curb markings are declared to be a public nuisance and are removed by the Town at the property owner's expense. Additionally, it is unlawful to remove or modify any Town-approved and installed curb marking. Doing so may lead to liability for those responsible and such modification will be corrected at the property owner’s expense.

     

  • Curb Marking Definitions and Typical Installations

    The Town of Danville identifies four general types of parking zones. These are: (1) no-parking zones, (2) time-limited parking zones, (3) loading zones, and (4) disabled-parking zones for the physically challenged.

    The definitions of the various curb markings have been established by the Town of Danville, as presented in Section VIII (“Traffic and Motor Vehicles”) of the Danville Municipal Code, and as defined in Section 21458 (“Curb Markings”) in the California Vehicle Code. The definitions of each curb marking are discussed below, along with the locations where such curb markings are appropriate.

    Under some circumstances, special parking zones may be established by: (1) placement of signs only, as opposed to installing curb markings so long as at least two signs are visible from any portion of the parking area, (2) by curb markings only – without signs, or (3) by a combination of signs and curb markings.

     

  • Curb Marking Requests

    Business and property owners can request curb markings by filling out and returning the appropriate request form. 

    A completed request form and successful submittal of the required information constitutes a complete application. Incomplete requests will be delayed while staff coordinates with the requestor to complete the application.

     

    Processing

    Each curb marking request requires time for Town staff to evaluate the request, conduct field visits, collect and analyze data (if necessary), mark curb-painting locations in the field, and to install the requested curb markings. Generally, once a request or application has been submitted, the implementation process can take up to 30 days.

     

    Curb Marking Evaluation Process

    When the Transportation Division receives a completed curb marking application, Town staff will process the request on a first-come first-serve basis along with other Town business and citizen requests. Listed below are the steps involved in evaluating a curb marking request.

     

    1. Field Visit – After the completed application is received, Town staff will conduct a field visit to assess the problem and identify possible solutions within two weeks of receipt of the completed curb marking application. Note that curb marking requests involving safety issues have priority over other requests. Therefore, when a safety request is received, Town staff will conduct field visits and investigate the location within three working days of when the request is received to determine if immediate improvements are necessary.

    2. Data Collection (if necessary) – Additional data, such as parking survey information, may be necessary to review some curb marking requests. A parking survey may be needed to assess the impact on parking in the area when parking activity is high, or to determine if the parking activity in the area is high enough to warrant installation of the requested curb marking. An additional two weeks is needed when parking surveys are necessary to evaluate the need and feasibility of the requested curb marking.

    3. Contact Adjacent Residence/Property Owners (if necessary) – An additional step in the review process is necessary when the requested curb marking will affect locations other than that owned by the requestor. Under such conditions, the Town will seek input from the affected property owners. Notices will be sent out to property owners when colored curbing or corresponding signage, which was not requested by them, will be installed in front of their property. When the location of a requested curb marking is in a place other than the requestor’s property frontage, the request will not be granted without the affected property owner’s signature on the Curb Marking Request Form or a letter from the affected property owner consenting to the curb marking.

    4. Public Input – When curb markings are requested in the downtown area, Transportation staff may seek and obtain input from the organizations such as the Danville Chamber of Commerce and Discover Danville Association when evaluating the request.

    5. Review and Evaluation – Following the field visit and data collection, staff will evaluate the circumstances of the particular request and make a determination regarding the feasibility of the requested curb marking. The review and evaluation process will be completed within two weeks of the time when the field visits and data collection are complete.

    6. Notification – Upon completion of the review of the requested curb marking, Town staff will send a letter to the requestor documenting the results of the analysis, the Town’s findings, and a preliminary schedule for any work that is determined to be necessary.

     

    7. Curb Marking Installation – If Town staff determines that the requested curb marking is feasible and justified, it will be submitted to the Town Council for approval (if necessary).  Once approved a work order will be issued the Town Maintenance Division to complete the work. The work will be complete within two to four weeks.

     

    Evaluation Criteria

    Every curb marking request involves a different set of circumstances. As such, each curb marking request will require a unique analysis that takes into account the particular set of circumstances involved. Some of the common issues involved in evaluating a curb marking request are discussed below.

    • How much parking is removed to accommodate the request? When a curb marking, including driveway red tipping, is requested, consideration is given to the preservation of adjacent parking spaces. It is undesirable to install sections of colored curbing that would leave a relatively long, but unusable portion of unpainted curb (less than 20 feet).
    • Would the requested curb marking affect other property owners? Occasionally, installing curb markings at one location causes drivers to park their cars closer to an adjacent driveway or property frontage, thereby creating a problem at that location. Under circumstances such as these, the feasibility of adjusting the length of the requested curb marking or installing red tipping at adjacent driveways is reviewed.
    • How is parking in the area affected by adjacent land uses? Time-limited parking and loading zones may be warranted in areas where long-term parking regularly occupies the curb space that is needed for loading and short-term customer parking. A parking occupancy survey may be necessary to quantify the magnitude of the parking problem and the usage of curb space in the area.
    • Are there similar parking zones nearby that would serve the requestor? Town staff will evaluate the neighborhood where the curb marking is requested to determine if existing colored curb zones (white, yellow, green, or blue) could serve the requested location.
    • How large does the requested zone need to be and how many deliveries are expected during peak times? For yellow and white zones, what size vehicle will be using the zone? Consideration will be given to providing the zone that is requested while maintaining as much parking in the area so as not to unfairly impact nearby property owners.
    • How does the requested curb marking impact surrounding properties? Town staff will evaluate if the requested curb marking would remove parking spaces that would affect businesses within the area. In most cases, any new curb marking requests will also require the consent of adjacent business or property owners (see application).
    • What is the impact on motorist safety? Town staff will adhere to accepted engineering practices when determining whether the requested curb markings are feasible and appropriate in regards to traffic safety.
    • Is the curb marking going to be installed in a location other than the requestor’s property frontage? If so, then the Transportation Division will not grant the request without consent from the affected property owner allowing the curb on their frontage to be painted per the request. However, consent from the affected property owner may not required if a red zone is to be installed on their property on a segment of curb that does not constitute a legitimate parking space (i.e., less than 20 feet of unmarked curb space), and if the curb marking is required to address an immediate traffic safety hazard.
    • For blue zones; is there a clear need? There must be a clear need for the disabled parking zone that is not met by any off-street parking spaces. Town staff will consider such things as impact to adjacent parking spaces and the safety of the users of the disabled parking zone when determining the feasibility of such zones.

    Special Considerations for Critical Red Zones

    Evaluating the need for critical red zones involves the following criteria in addition to those described above. Establishing critical intersection and roadway red zones will be based primarily on evidence that could identify a particular location as a safety problem or high-accident locations.

    When evaluating the need for red zones at a particular location, the primary areas of investigation will be accident records at the location, the traffic volume at the location, street/intersection geometrics, and sight distances associated with the location.

    Locations with multiple complaints of visibility problems and locations with many requests for red curbing will be considered candidates for safety improvements and will be evaluated further to assess the need for red curbing to improve sight distance and/or traffic operations.

    Obstructions on private property that are taller than 3.5 feet and within the sight triangle established by the Town’s intersection sight distance procedures should be removed or lowered. Such objects include walls, fences, landscaping, trees, and buildings. Similarly, any tree located within the sight triangle must be maintained such that its canopy provides seven feet of vertical sight clearance. Thus, within the sight triangle, objects must be lower than 3.5 feet and/or higher than 7 feet.

    Under some circumstances, vehicles parked near curb returns can be considered sight obstructions. A sight obstruction at an intersection may exist when the curb near the intersection is continuously occupied by a parked vehicle for a significant portion of the day, or when large vehicles (trucks, RVs, buses, vans, SUVs) are often parked at the corner. Under such circumstances, when parking activity constitutes a sight obstruction, the owner of the vehicle will be contacted and notified by the Town of the sight obstruction problem. If this does not correct the problem, then parking restrictions, no-parking signs and/or red curbing can be installed at the direction of the Transportation Division, pursuant to the Danville Municipal Code.

     

    Maintenance of Existing Curb Markings

    Existing curb markings that have become faded will be refreshed by the Maintenance Division as needed. Under no circumstances shall the property owner be permitted to paint or repaint any curb markings.

     

    Removal of Curb Markings

    Occasionally, the Transportation Division will receive a request for the removal of an existing curb marking. Any such request will be reviewed using the same process and evaluation criteria used for new curb marking requests. If it is determined that the existing curb marking serves no purpose, the curb marking will be removed the Town after approval by the Town Council (if necessary)